cannabis grow

A Guide to Cannabis Plant Training Techniques

Cannabis plant training is an art and a science. By understanding how the cannabis plant responds to its environment, growers can manipulate its growth to achieve bigger yields, healthier plants, and more potent buds. Whether you're a novice grower or an expert, understanding plant training techniques can revolutionize your harvest. This guide will take you through the nuances of each method and the vital role of Seedz, Malta's preeminent cannabis seed bank.

The Principles of Cannabis Plant Training

At the core of plant training is the principle of maximizing a plant's exposure to light. Given that cannabis plants naturally grow upwards, the upper buds often get the most light. Training techniques encourage a more horizontal growth, ensuring that even the lower buds thrive. If you're new to cannabis cultivation, it's pivotal to stay updated with the legislation of cannabis cultivation and use in Malta.

Low-Stress Training (LST)

LST involves gently bending the stems and securing them in place without causing significant damage. This method promotes horizontal growth, allowing more buds to receive adequate light. It's especially beneficial for those cultivating in Malta's unique climate. If you're considering this method, understanding the difference between strains is essential. Dive into our article on autoflower vs. photoperiod to grasp the nuances.



  • Increases light exposure
  • Promotes even growth
  • Low stress for the plant

How to do it:

  1. Start when the plant has at least 4-6 nodes.
  2. Gently bend the stems outward and away from the centre of the plant.
  3. Use soft ties to hold the stems in place.
  4. Adjust and reposition ties as the plant grows.

High-Stress Training (HST)

More aggressive than LST, HST techniques, such as topping and supercropping, can be quite impactful. These methods involve significant cutting or snapping of the plant's stems. However, when done correctly, HST can lead to bushier plants with increased yields. Before experimenting with HST, a solid grasp of the history and evolution of cannabis strains can offer valuable insights.


  • Can drastically increase yields
  • Helps manage plant height

Techniques under HST:

  1. Topping: Cutting off the top part of the plant to allow two main stems to grow. Thistechnique creates a bushier plant with more colas.
  2. Fimming: Similar to topping but removes less of the plant. It can result in the growth of 4 main colas instead of 2.
  3. Super Cropping: Involves pinching and bending stems until they are damaged but not broken, promoting the growth of side branches.

Screen of Green (SCROG)

This method involves using a screen or net to guide the plant's growth. As the plant grows, the branches are woven into the screen, promoting a flat canopy. This ensures that light reaches even the lower buds. When venturing into SCROG, it's beneficial to understand the various strains, and Seedz provides an extensive guide on indoor vs. outdoor cannabis growing.


  • Maximises light exposure
  • Efficient use of space
  • Higher yields

How to do it:

  1. Set up a screen or net 20-25 cm above the base of the plant.
  2. As the plant grows, weave the branches through the screen.
  3. Trim and prune any branches growing below the screen.

Sea of Green (SOG)

SOG involves growing several smaller plants close together, forcing them into the flowering stage early. This technique is suitable for growers with limited space. Ensuring that your seeds sprout successfully is crucial for this method, and our germination guide can be a handy resource.



  • Quick harvests
  • Efficient use of space
  • Uniform growth

How to do it:

  1. Start with multiple clones or seedlings.
  2. Allow them to vegetate for a short period.
  3. Switch to flowering early to maintain a smaller plant size.
  4. Keep plants close together to form a consistent canopy.


This technique involves removing the lower growths of the plant, ensuring that the plant's energy is directed towards the main colas. A more in-depth understanding of seeds and their care can be gleaned from our article on cannabis seed storage.



  • Bigger and denser top colas
  • Improved airflow
  • Less risk of mould and pests

How to do it:

  1. During the early flowering stage, remove the lower third of the plant's growth.
  2. This leaves the plant looking like a lollipop with a bare stem and a canopy of growth on top.


Plant training is essential for maximising the potential of your cannabis plants. With the right techniques, you can significantly improve your yield, plant health, and the quality of your buds. As always, the quality of your seeds plays a vital role in how your plants will respond to training. Seedz, Malta's leading cannabis seed bank, offers premium seeds that are perfect for any training technique you choose. So, equip yourself with the best seeds and knowledge, and witness the transformation in your cannabis garden.

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